Amby Zuidoost, Maastricht, 1993


This is a design for a residential neighbourhood of approx. 500 houses in the gently undulating landscape around the former village Amby. The project is a testing-ground for the investigation of urbanistic and architectural implications of an everyday programme. Subtle differences in level as well as existing orchards and hedge paths have been meticulously integrated into the plan and given a new lease of life. Commissioned by the Maastricht Municipality and a consortium of market parties, the assignment encompasses the triad of urban design, design of public space and supervision of the plan elaboration.

Buitenhof, Groningen, 1995


Urban design for a remainder of farmland hemmed in by average urban peripheral functions west of Groningen. In the 1993 structure plan 'De Stad van Straks' a compact residential enclave surrounded by spacious green buffers was envisaged at this site. In our design, these green buffers have been transformed into a private garden, making the residential environment blend into the relaxed world of the adjacent allotments. Following naturally from this approach, the interface with the garden is the central point of house design. Front and rear gardens are equal; it is possible to follow the sun or shade in the course of the day. It has been laid down that there should be either a verandah or a conservatory at the front of the house. The plan is structured by a series of parallel avenues with grass verges and rows of ash trees. The middle avenue is wider and has been planted with chestnut trees. All avenues abut on a wedge-shaped green, a collective space connecting the neighbourhood with the nearby Stadspark and the business park along the motorway. The plan was commissioned by the Groningen Municipality and comprises 460 houses and 8.1 ha of business park.

Ypenburg, Den Haag, 1995


The 1994 Masterplan Ypenburg concerns an expansion area for approx. 11,000 houses on the site of a former military airfield and was commissioned by the Ypenburg Joint Venture. The plan has two components. On the one hand a framework of public spaces and routes and, on the other hand, the fields, which in the course of time have been developed by a selection of designers and developers into residential and business areas. It is the framework that was elaborated in detail by our practice. It has not been geared to the size of the adjacent residential neighbourhoods but has been given its own scale and architectural dimension instead. The large dimensions of the framework are accompanied by simple, plain detailing. The design is to be considered an exercise in restraint.

IJburg, Amsterdam, 1995


Since the 1965 Pampus plan innumerable designs have been made for the urban extension in the IJmeer. The site became topical again in 1995. Our design deviates from the intention to dyke in and reclaim the IJmeer with the aim of adding a new urban lobe. In our proposal the model of a finger city has been converted into a loosely arranged archipelago. The openings between the islands safeguard the visual and ecological transparency of the archipelago. The difference between the lee and the rough water surfaces allows differentiation in the contours of the shoreline: from tree-lined dykes in the north, via quays, to waterside gardens in the south. While the composition of the archipelago as a whole is slightly whimsical, the public spaces on the islands have a simple geometric structure. Within this structure each project establishes its own relationship with the city and the landscape. Besides residential and work areas, IJburg has a marina, a beach, a transferium, a cemetery and various new nature reserves.

Piccardthofplas, Groningen, 1996


Urban design for a residential district of approx. 600 houses on the edge of Groningen. The location is sited in the foothills of the sand ridge between Groningen and Eelde. A landscape accommodating a rich collection of loose fragments: rural estates, nature reserves, holiday cottages, farmsteads and conference resorts that have been strung on an old main road. The plan elaborates on this theme and has been organized as a patchwork of larger and smaller enclaves. A habitat of residential islands grouped around that one large enclave, the pond called Piccardthofplas. By isolating the pond spatially and hydrologically even further, the preservation of the unique natural quality of this brackish habitat has been guaranteed. As a result, one actually does not live by the pond but around it. The pond is the 'genius loci', animating the plan like a collective secret. The plan was commissioned by the municipalities of Groningen and Eelde.

Leidsche Rijn, Utrecht, 1996


This is an urban design elaboration of two areas in the masterplan for Leidsche Rijn, a government-designated new urban extension (VINEX). The design was commissioned by the Project Bureau Leidsche Rijn. The areas are centrally located in the Utrecht part of Leidsche Rijn and comprise approx. 2,800 houses, 9,000 m2 facilities and 10,000 m2 office space. The plan consists of six fragments, each one with its own specific parcellation thematics, situated around the central princess Amaliapark. A number of long lines transecting the site link it with the other parts of Leidsche Rijn. Park space, watercourses and a network of roads constitute the framework of the plan. There is no strict hierarchy between the framework and the fragments. The fragments are veined by the framework which, in turn, derives its character from the way the fragments adjoin one another.

Nesselande, Rotterdam, 1999


The design concerns a sectional elaboration of a part of the district Nesselande and was commissioned by the City of Rotterdam. Its central point is the ambition to create an exclusive residential wetland environment that can be developed in phases. The sea of owner-occupied plots is structured by the system of watercourses, the residential dykes - the ‘jackstraws’ - and by the subtle blend with residential buildings to be developed in a project-based way. This family of buildings forms a scattered pattern of architectural anchor points in the ‘aesthetics committee-free’ residential landscape. The design was made in conjunction with the H+N+S landscape bureau and comprises 520 houses. See also architectuur lokaal.

Ede-oost, 2004


On the periphery of Ede hundreds of metres of fencing conceal large areas that are to become accessible in the near future.
The grounds of the former ENKA synthetic fibre factory are already under reconstruction, and four barracks complexes are abandoned by the MoD. This offers Ede a unique opportunity to capitalise on the potential of its location near the Veluwezoom national park. The Masterplan consists of a framework in which historico-cultural relics, landscape qualities and infrastructure have been fused into one coherent whole. This framework allows for the development of a number of different urban enclaves and a new railway station area.
Hilly terrain, interesting historico-cultural buildings and a programme and architectural atmosphere varying per location determine the spatial concept of more or less autonomous living/working areas within a topographical framework.

See also this website.

Lommerrijk, Leeuwarden, 2004


The urban design plan for Lommerrijk is the elaboration of one of the three individual areas of the Masterplan De Zuidlanden (BGSV, 2003).
The plan can be described as a green residential landscape comprising a mix of freestanding, low-density detached and semi-detached houses. The ‘leafy’ residential field is structured by angled tree-lined avenues with wide verges without pavements, deep front gardens and a parcellation pattern with alternating narrow and wide plots. Together they determine the rural and leafy character of Lommerrijk.
This residential landscape, by contrast, will be the setting for four hamlets characterised by more compact buildings, a perimeter block like structure and a higher housing density.
We drew up the plan, which was commissioned by the Leeuwarden municipality, in conjunction with Franz Ziegler’s and Noordpeil practices.
Lommerrijk should accommodate approximately 1500 dwellings, around 350 per each hamlet.

Saksen Weimar, Arnhem, 2006


There are few cities in the Netherlands that are equally blended into the landscape as Arnhem. The city is situated on the vast expanse of lowland with rivers and the undulating hills of the Veluwe. Nestling just behind the lateral moraine in this grand landscape, the Saksen Weimar barracks occupies a key position between the valley of the Rhine and the Veluwe massif. A subtle fold of the landscape results in a new valley that links these features. The aim of this plan is to make the richness of landscape tangible at all scale levels: from a windowsill to a valley. Each house stands in a direct relationship to the landscape. Design rules defining the architectural idiom safeguard the natural merging of housing into the landscape. The area of barracks accommodates an ensemble of buildings with a collective, park like appearance. The other dwellings have a more individual expression.

Zevenaar Oost, Zevenaar, 2007


Kortenoord, Wageningen, 2011

Publications about IJburg

  • Dorine van Hoogstraten, 'Stedelijk Eilandenrijk', Architectuur lokaal, zomer 2007, 58, pp. 14-15, 2007.
  • Kitty van der Linden, 'Centrumeiland IJburg', Plan Amsterdam, nr. 2, pp. 1-21, 2004.
  • Kathryn Firth, Richard Burdett, 'Stadtplanung. Der neue Masterplan', Garten + Landschaft, 10 oktober, pp. 26-29, 2002.
  • 'Amsterdam IJburg', DB (Deutsche Bauzeitung) Zeitschrift für Architekten und Bauingenieure, 6/2001, pp. 71-78, 2001.
  • Ludger Fischer, 'Die Insel und die Stadt. Neugründung von IJburg bei Amsterdam', H21, Bauwelt 92, pp. 32-37, 2001.
  • Frits Palmboom, Jaap van den Bout, Frits van Dongen, Ton schaap, Felix Claus, 'IJburg Amsterdam (Holanda)', Arquitectura y vivienda, sep-oct (91), 2001.
  • 'Zeitschrift für Architekten und Bauingenieure', DB (Deutsche Bauzeitung) 6/2001, pp. 71-78, 2001.
  • Frits Palmboom, Jaap van den Bout, Frits van Dongen, Ton schaap, Felix Claus, 'Arquitectura y vivienda', september-oktober, pp. 91, 2001.
  • Maurits de Hoog, Alexandra Misch, 'De verhouding tussen tijd en kwaliteit', Landschapsarchitectuur en Stedenbouw 97-99, pp. 90-99, Bussum, THOTH, 2000.
  • Frits Palmboom, 'IJburg stadtinseln für Amsterdam', Topos 31, juni, pp. 79-85, München, 2000.
  • Lasse Vretblad, 'Borneo Sporenburg och Kop van Zuid', MAMA - Magasin for modern arkitektur, nummer 27, pp. 13-27, Stockholm, 2000.
  • Hans Ibelings (red.), 'Het kunstmatig landschap - hedendaagse architectuur, stedenbouw en landschapsarchitectuur in Nederland', pp. 64, 184, Rotterdam, 2000.
  • Harry Harsema (e.a.), 'Het woongebied IJburg in Amsterdam', Landschapsarchitectuur en Stedenbouw 95-97, pp. 90-93, Bussum, THOTH, 1998.
  • Frits Palmboom, 'IJburg Project Amsterdam', Zodiac 18, settembre 1997/febbraio 1998, pp. 77-79, Milano, 1998.
  • Allard Jolles, 'Ontwerp voor IJburg. Eilandenrijk IJburg, een Amsterdamse traditie voortgezet', Plan Amsterdam, nummer 2-februari, pp. 3-25, 1997.
  • Cees Boekraad, 'Een voorportaal in buitenwater', de Architect oktober 1996, pp. 68-73, Den Haag, SDU, 1996.
  • Martin Looije, 'IJburg; de nieuwe eilanden van Amsterdam', Blauwe kamer / profiel 1996-3, pp. 18-22, Wageningen, Blauwe kamer, 1996.
  • 'Amsterdam IJburg', Archis 1996-3, Amsterdam, Archis, 1996.
"IJburg - Het nieuwe uitzicht van Amsterdam" [© Ernst Abbing communicatie]
harbour island: picture pandion
IJburg harbour
composition of coastlines
design for IJburg